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Ayurvedic Herbs / Thai Herbs - Medicinal Plants - L

Ayurvedic Herbs A-Z

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Ayurvedic Medicine


There are numerous medicinal plants in current use in Thailand. Ayurvedic medicine and Thai traditional medicine, each finding many uses and deserving to be exhibited to the enthusiasts who wish to know about the characteristics of its stem, flower, fruit together with the research work undertaken, it is impossible to exhibit all, or even the majority, of them. For this reason some common medicinal plants which received research attention both locally and internationally have been selected. In addition, some which have so far attracted little attention from researchers have also been included owing to their recognition in Ayurvedic Medicine and traditional medicine in Thailand as well as some Asian countries.

The information has been searched from the literature, selected and edited in order to be presented in this site, which will familiarize the reader with general characters of such plants. No botanical details are given owing to the nature of this work and also to limited space. Sketches of the plants, however, are given to enable the reader to recognize them. It should be noted that all Thai, Sanskrit, Latin and English common names of the plants appearing in this site are transliterated into English with the sound in mind, and not according to the official rules. In addition, owing to the limited space the traditional usage of each plant is meant to be representative, and by no means comprehensive.


Ayurveda Herbs - Thai Herbs Common Name 
Ayurvedic Herbs English Name 


Ayurvedic Herbs Latin/Scientific Name


Ayurvedic Herbs Sanskrit Name


 L    English Name        

  Lac insect

Land Caltrops


Larger or Greater Cardamum






Lesser Cardamom








Lodh Tree


Loose skinned or Loose Jacket Orange





 L    Latin Name           

Lactuca scariola


Lactuca serriola


Lens culinaris


Leptadenia reticulata


Lilium polyphyllum


Linum usitatissimum


Lycopersicon esculentum



 L       Sanskrit Name   














Latin Names:

Lactuca scariola / L. serriola

English Name:


Sanskrit / Indian Name:

Vanya kahu



An erect leafy plant, usually prickly towards the base.

The seeds yield a greenish yellow, semidrying oil. They are used for coughs and as a decoction for insomnia. The seeds are also reported to possess hypnotic and antipyretic properties.


Latin Name:

Lens culinaris

English Name:


Sanskrit / Indian Name:




A small, erect, softly pubescent herb.

The seeds contain flavonoids, kaempferol-3-a-L-rhamnopyranoside-7-O-▀-glucopyranoside and kaempferol- 7-O-rutinoside, saccharides, ciceritol (manninotriose, a-D-galactopyranosyl-(1->6)-a-D-galactopyranosyl-(1->2)-4-O-methyl- chiro-inositol), D-glucose, D-fructose, sucrose, raffinose, stachyose and verbascose, and sterol, 24-methylene-25-methylcholesterol.

The paste of the seeds is a cleansing application on the face.


Latin Name:

Leptadenia reticulata

Sanskrit / Indian Names:

Jivani, Jivanti, Madhusrava



It's principal constituents are Leptadenol , n-triacontane, acetyl alcohol, ▀-sitosterol, ▀-amyrin acetate, lupanol 3-O ľdiglucoside and leptidin. The plant is stimulant and restorative and shows anti-bacterial activity against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria.


Latin Name:

Lilium polyphyllum

English Name:

White Lily

Sanskrit / Indian Name:




The plant is a narrow bulbous herb with few narrow subequal fleshy scales.

It has soothing, astringent and anti-inflammatory properties. The bulbs are sweet, bitter, refrigerant, galactagogue, expectorant, aphrodisiac, diuretic, antipyretic and tonic. They are useful in agalatia, cough, bronchitis, vitiated conditions of pitta, seminal weakness, strangury, burning sensation, hyperdipsia, intermittent fevers, hematemesis, rheumatalgia and general disability.

Latin Name:

Linum usitatissimum

Sanskrit Name:




It is an erect, herb, cultivated for its oily seeds. Leaves narrow and entire. Flowers are large, blue or bluish violet and entire. Flowers are large, blue or bluish violet and pentamerous in terminal panicles. Stamens 5 and alternating with staminodes. Fruits capsular, with five cells, each containing 2 seeds. Seeds are yellowish or blackish brown, small, flattened, oval, with smooth and shining seed coat and small albumen. It is cultivated throughout India.

It is used internally in habitual constipation, functional disorders of the colon resulting from the misuse of laxatives and irritable colon, as a demulcent preparation in gastritis and enteritis. Externally, the powdered seeds or the press-cake are used as an emollient, in poultices for boils, carbuncles and other skin afflictions.


Sanskrit / Indian Name:

Loh bhasma

English Name:

Iron Calx



A special process makes the iron easy to assimilate for the elderly. A powerful hematinic indicated in anemia, it stimulates the appetite and has a general vitalizing effect.




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This information is provided for general medical education purposes only and is not meant to substitute for the independent medical judgment of a physician relative to diagnostic and treatment options of a specific patient's medical condition.
In no event will The DrEddyClinic.com be liable for any decision made or action taken in reliance upon the information provided through this web site.



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Last Modified : 03/13/08 09:16 PM