logo www.dreddyclinic.com

Home | Up | Introduction | What's Included | Products | Adding Pages | FAQs | Ayurvedic Medicine | Integrated Medicine | Education | Contents | Articles | Links | Products | Search | Feedback | Contact
Ayurvedic - Integrated Medical Clinic - reliable health information ...Balance your health
Temporomandibular joint disorders - (TMJ)
Home
Up
Introduction
What's Included
Products
Adding Pages
FAQs
Ayurvedic Medicine
Integrated Medicine
Education
Contents
Articles
Links
Products
Search
Feedback
Contact
Special Programs
Ayurvedic Cure
Study Programs
Colon Cleansing
colon cleansing program

One of the most frequent bowel problems that people experience today is constipation. Why is the Colon Cleansing so important? Check it out.

Newsroom
 

Downloads

Pricelist for the treatments

Pricelist for the ayurvedic cures and treatments

application form for the Ayurvedic courses

adobe pdf logoYou will need the free Acrobat Reader from Adobe to view and print some of the documents. 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

Google
 
Web DrEddyClinic.com

Temporomandibular joint disorders - (TMJ)

Diseases & Conditions A-Z

| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U |

 V | W | X | Y | Z |

 

Joint Dysfunction

Temporomandibular joint dysfunction is defined as any abnormality in joint function that impairs mandibular mobility. A lateral deviation of the jaw observed when the mouth is slowly opened may be a sign of joint dysfunction. Some patients complain of noises (clicking, popping, grating or grinding) and restricted mouth opening.[7] Patients frequently acknowledge these symptoms and report many seemingly unrelated vague symptoms of the head, neck and shoulders. Commonly reported symptoms may be classified as musculoskeletal, auditory, visual, oral/ dental or aerodigestive (Table 1).

TABLE1

Subjective and Objective Findings in Patients with Temporomandibular Joint Disorder

Area affected

Subjective  Objective
Face Pain  Tenderness, muscle spasm, asymmetry
Head Muscular headache Tenderness over temporalis muscle, muscle spasm
Eyes Retrobulbar pain Blepharospasm
Sinus Pain or pressure Tenderness
Ears Otalgia  Preauricular tenderness
Jaw Pain, Clicking or popping, Abnormal movement   Temporomandibular joint crepitus, Deviation or deflection on opening, Reduced range of motion
Mouth  Limited opening,  Locking open or closed, Pain on opening Opening compromised, Locked open or closed, Trismus
Teeth Bruxism,  Pain, Malocclusion, Dentures Worn occlusal surfaces of teeth, Loose molars, Missing or malaligned teeth, Poorly fitting prosthesis
Throat Sensation of foreign object in throat Anterior or posterior neck pain

Adapted from the K-F-S Index of Temporomandibular Joint Symptoms. National Capital Center for Craniofacial Pain, Vienna, Va. Used with permission.

On physical examination, the hallmark of temporomandibular joint disorder is decreased range of mandibular motion.[3] Range of motion is easily assessed by measuring maximum mouth opening and lateral movement of the mandible. Mouth opening is measured between the biting edges of the incisors and is normally 50 mm. Lateral movement is measured by active movement of the mandible to each side of the midline between the maxillary incisors. Normal lateral movement is 12 mm on each side of the midline. Any disparity from these norms should alert the physician to impaired mandibular range of motion.

If the range of motion is not impaired, dysfunction may be detected when mandibular motion is accompanied by clicking, deflections, deviations or pain (Figure 3). Other findings include spasm and tenderness of various facial or neck muscles, preauricular tenderness, facial asymmetry, malocclusion and chronic postural head tilting (Table 1).

The list of possible etiologies for temporomandibular joint disorders is extensive (Table 2).[2,9] The classification includes traumatic, iatrogenic, idiopathic, systemic, congenital, infectious and psychogenic causes.[4,7] The most frequent causes of temporomandibular joint disorders are head and neck trauma, and idiopathic and iatrogenic injuries. [11]

TABLE 2

Etiologies of Temporomandibular joint Dysfunction
Traumatic Systemic
Osteoarthritis (OA). Rheumatoid arthritis
Maxilla/mandibular trauma    gout
Condylar fracture Paget's disease
Temporomandibular joint subluxation Psoriatic arthritis
Whiplash    Infectious
Dental   Gonorrhea
Malocclusion  Syphilis
Reconstruction  Tuberculosis
Prosthesis  Actinomycosis
Orthodontic work  Rheumatic fever
latrogenic  Idiopathic
Orthognathic surgery        Congenital
Oral surgery  Aplasia
Endotracheal intubation Hyperplasia, Hypoplasia, Bifid condyle, Psychogenic, Stress, Bruxism

Derived from McDonald [2] and Heir. [9]

Direct blows to the mandible and the maxillae, as well as mandibular whiplash, are commonly sustained in motor vehicle accidents. In severe whiplash cases, the head is thrown backwards and the mandible is uncontrollably hyperextended, resulting in potentially severe injury to the temporomandibular joint.

 

Temporomandibular joint disorders - (TMJ) > 1 > 2 > 3 > 4

Ask The Doctor

 

Related Sites:

Treatments

Treatments Programs:

 

 

 

 

Dr. Eddy's Clinic Integrated Medicine - Web Journal

Articles Articles give your more informations in detail. Forum - Forum Integrated Medicine - Ayurvedic Forum
Ayurvedic Articles give your more informations in detail. Disease Articles give your more informations in detail. Men Health Articles give your more informations in detail. Treatment Articles give your more informations in detail.
Aging Articles give your more informations in detail. Vaccination Articles give your more informations in detail. Women Health Articles give your more informations in detail. Integrated Medicine Articles give your more informations in detail.

Submit a Article Submit a Article - Articles give your more informations in detail.


 

Integrated Medicine

combines Western medicine with Complementary and Alternative medicine and mind-body-spirit approaches to health and healing.

Live Blood Analysis

Two drops of blood under a specialized high powered ultra-dark field microscope, reveals anomalies in the blood. The unique tool for prevention.

Ozone-Oxygen-Therapy
is recognized by most as the most powerful and versatile therapy known in alternative health because it plays a vital role in maintaining the well-being of the body. Check it out why.
Contact the Doctor

contact the doctor in the dreddyclinic.com

contact the doctor

Disclaimer

This information is provided for general medical education purposes only and is not meant to substitute for the independent medical judgment of a physician relative to diagnostic and treatment options of a specific patient's medical condition.
In no event will The DrEddyClinic.com be liable for any decision made or action taken in reliance upon the information provided through this web site.

 


 



DrEddyClinic.com
Chiang Mai 50230, Thailand
Phone. +66-53-436284
Fax. +66-53-436284
Mobile. 098505066
email
contact
contact to the Integrated - Medical -Clinic | Terms and Conditions | Back Home Up
Last Modified : 03/15/08 02:23 AM