Even as researchers refine diagnostic tests for SARS and search for
effective treatments, the main emphasis remains on preventing new cases
from developing. To accomplish this, the WHO and the CDC have
established a number of guidelines aimed at stopping transmission of the
you're caring for someone at home with SARS, these measures can help you
Wash your hands
frequently with soap and hot water or use an alcohol-based hand rub.
touching your face with your hands, use a disposable tissue to rub
your eyes or nose.
gloves if you have contact with the body fluids or feces of someone
with SARS. Throw the gloves away immediately after use and wash your
Wear a surgical
mask when you're in the same room as a person with SARS. Wearing
glasses also may offer some protection.
Use soap and hot
water to wash the silverware, towels, bedding and clothing of
someone with SARS, and don't use these items yourself until they're
a household disinfectant to clean any surfaces that may have been
contaminated with sweat, saliva or mucus, or even vomit, stool or
urine. Wear disposable gloves while you clean and throw the gloves
away when you're done.
all precautions for at least 10 days after the person's symptoms
Keep children home
from school if they develop a fever or respiratory symptoms within
10 days of being exposed to someone with SARS. They can return if
symptoms ease after three days. Children who have been exposed but
don't have symptoms can attend school, but watch their health
Call your doctor
immediately if you develop a fever or respiratory symptoms. Be sure
to let him or her know that you've had close contact with someone
you've been diagnosed with SARS, the following measures can help prevent
you from infecting others:
your hands carefully and frequently with soap and hot water or an
alcohol-based hand rub.
Cover your mouth
and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze, and if possible,
wear a surgical mask when you're in close contact with other people.
Don't share your
silverware, towels or bedding with anyone in your home until these
items have been thoroughly washed with soap and hot water.
Avoid going to
school, work or other public places for 10 days after your symptoms
Although there are no longer any SARS-related travel restrictions, it's
always wise to take certain precautions when you travel. The following
measures can help ensure you have a safe trip:
Before you leave
Buy or assemble a
basic first-aid kit. Be sure to include an alcohol-based hand
Learn as much as
you can about the SARS status of the countries you'll visit.
Make sure you're
current on all of your immunizations. It's best to have any needed
shots four to six weeks before your departure.
Check your travel
insurance. You may want to purchase coverage for medical evacuation.
Know where medical
care will be available in the areas you visit. Take with you a list
of the names, addresses and phone numbers of recommended
English-speaking doctors and hospitals at your destinations.
Take care on airplanes. Some experts believe that infections spread on
airplanes through the air valves located directly above your seat. It's
best to turn these valves off and to carry disposable towelettes so you
can clean your hands frequently during a flight.
Travel in China and Southeast Asia
To help protect
yourself from infection, wash your hands thoroughly and often. Scrub
well with soap and water or use an alcohol-based hand rub.
In China, avoid
visiting live food markets and avoid wildlife, especially civet
cats, sold in these markets. Some civets have been found to carry
viruses similar to the SARS virus.
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