Anorexia nervosa - Bulimia nervosa - Binge eating disorder
disorder is a newly recognized condition that
probably affects millions. People with eating
disorder frequently eat large amounts of food while
feeling a loss of control over their eating. This
disorder is different from binge-purge syndrome
(bulimia nervosa) because people with binge eating
disorder usually do not purge afterward by vomiting
or using laxatives.
Eating disorders are characterized by a
preoccupation with weight that results in severe
disturbances in eating and other behaviors. These
disorders include anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa
and binge eating disorder.
nervosa. Essentially self-starvation,
this disorder involves a refusal to maintain a
minimally normal body weight. In severe cases,
anorexia can be life-threatening.
This involves repeated episodes of binge eating,
followed by ways of trying to purge the body of
the food or of expected weight gain. People can
have this condition and be of normal weight.
disorder. This is characterized by
frequent episodes of overeating without purging.
Other variations of eating disorders occur, such
as purging without bingeing, chewing and spitting
without purging, and anorexic behavior with less
severe weight loss.
exception is binge eating disorder, which appears to
affect almost as many males as females.
Treatments for eating disorders may involve
nutrition education, psychotherapy, family
counseling and medications.
Anorexia - loss of appetite
affect the most
It is most common
among adolescents, adults and elderly people and is more prevalent among
females. Male adults who have a busy schedule or have tensed
personalities usually get affected.
The causes are
Acute febrile illness
Chronic infections: Tuberculosis
Decreased metabolic function as in:
Addison's disease, (Primary hypoadrenalism)
Hypothyroidism, (decreased thyroid function)
Simmond's disease. (Adult Panhypopituitarism.)
Local causes such as:
Decreased Hydrochloric acid secretion
Carcinoma of stomach
Psychic causes: Mental worry, fear, Anorexia nervosa.
Deficiency of vitamins: Particularly B-complex.
anorexia occurs due to:
Irregular eating and drinking
Excess of carbohydrate food in between meals.
The symptoms are
Loss of appetite.
Loss of weight (if chronic).
Loss of texture of hair - rough and easily falling.
Absence of menses.
near or during puberty, the adult sexual characteristics may be
absent or delayed.
The signs are
Pale, wrinkled face
Sunken abdomen (Inverted saucer-like)
Sunken eyes may have dark circles.
Mental apathy and confusion.
carried out are
generally used are
depends on the underlying cause
can be prevented by following
Proper food habits from childhood.
Keeping the atmosphere relaxed at meal times.
Counseling teens to get rid of the fad of becoming
Informing them about the risks of starvation.
Having at least one complete meal with the family.
Being imaginative when preparing food, especially for
Avoiding too many snacks and excessive fluids between
Telling them about the importance of proper weight
gain according to age and nutrition.
Planning proper diet program, may be with the help of
Having mental peace and calmness; emotional support
by family and friends.
Taking psychologist's help.
Important things one should know about Anorexia
The important things
that one should know are
Diet should consist of appetizing food and intake of
sweets between meals should be avoided.
One should not hurry while having meals.
Regular exercise is necessary.
Intake of fresh air.
Avoidance of smoking and alcohol.