The range of drugs to which you can become addicted is wide. The drugs
Contained in marijuana and hashish.
Barbiturates and benzodiazepines. Benzodiazepines include
tranquilizers such as diazepam (Valium), alprazolam (Xanax),
oxazepam (Serax), lorazepam (Ativan), clonazepam (Klonopin) and
Amphetamines, methamphetamine, cocaine and methylphenidate
Synthetic compounds such as Ecstasy, which has both amphetamine-like
and hallucinogenic effects.
LSD, phencyclidine (PCP) and ketamine (special K).
Glue, paint, solvents and nitrous oxide.
Narcotic, painkilling drugs produced naturally from opium or made
synthetically. They include heroin, morphine, codeine, methadone and
Addiction to any drug may include these general characteristics:
Feeling that you
need the drug regularly and in some cases many times a day
that you maintain a supply of the drug
Failing in your
attempts to stop using the drug
Doing things to
obtain the drug that you normally wouldn't do, such as stealing
Feeling that you
need the drug to deal with your problems
Driving or doing
other activities that place you and others at risk of physical harm
when you're under the influence of the drug
The particular signs and symptoms of drug use and dependence vary
depending on the type of drug.
Cannabis compounds: Signs and symptoms
Central nervous system depressants: Signs and symptoms
Central nervous system stimulants: Signs and symptoms
Designer drugs: Signs and symptoms
Signs and symptoms of using designer drugs vary depending on the drug.
You might be able to tell that a family member or a friend is using or
abusing a drug based on the physical and behavioral signs and symptoms
associated with the drug. Ecstasy produces a mild hallucinogenic effect
and a feeling of euphoria. It also causes an increased heart rate,
overheating, high blood pressure and memory problems.
Hallucinogens: Signs and symptoms
of hallucinogens produces different signs and symptoms, depending on the
drug. The most common hallucinogens are LSD, PCP and ketamine, a
so-called "club drug."
Signs and symptoms of LSD use include:
perception of reality, for example, interpreting input from one of
your senses as another, such as hearing colors
changes in perception
Rapid heart rate
High blood pressure
re-experience of the hallucinations — even years later
Signs and symptoms of PCP use include:
Signs and symptoms of ketamine use include:
Inhalants: Signs and symptoms
signs and symptoms of inhalant use vary depending on what substance is
inhaled. Some commonly inhaled substances include glue, paint thinners,
correction fluid, felt tip marker fluid, gasoline, cleaning fluids and
household aerosol products. When inhaled, these products can cause brief
intoxication and a decreased feeling of inhibition. Long-term use may
cause hearing loss and damage to the brain, liver and kidneys.
Opioids: Signs and symptoms
Recognizing drug abuse in teenagers
Possible indications that your teenager is using drugs include:
Your child suddenly shows an active dislike of school and looks for
excuses to stay home. Contact your school officials to see if your
child's attendance record matches what you know about his or her
absent days. A student who experiences a drop in performance,
possibly failing courses or receiving only minimally passing grades,
may be using drugs.
Listlessness and apathy may indicate your child is using certain
How they look is extremely important to adolescents. A sudden lack
of interest in clothing, grooming or looks may be a warning sign of
Teenagers enjoy privacy, but exaggerated efforts to bar you from
entering their room or knowing where they go with their friends
might indicate drug use. Also, drastic changes in behavior and in
family relationships may signal drug use.
Sudden requests for money without a reasonable explanation for its
use may be a sign of drug use. You may also discover money stolen
from previously safe places at home. Items may disappear from your
home because they're being sold to support a drug habit.