logo www.dreddyclinic.com

Home | Up | Introduction | What's Included | Products | Adding Pages | FAQs | Ayurvedic Medicine | Integrated Medicine | Education | Contents | Articles | Links | Products | Search | Feedback | Contact
Ayurvedic - Integrated Medical Clinic - reliable health information ...Balance your health
Tantsusara
Home
Up
Introduction
What's Included
Products
Adding Pages
FAQs
Ayurvedic Medicine
Integrated Medicine
Education
Contents
Articles
Links
Products
Search
Feedback
Contact
Special Programs
Study Programs
Colon Cleansing
colon cleansing program

One of the most frequent bowel problems that people experience today is constipation. Why is the Colon Cleansing so important? Check it out.

Newsroom
 

Downloads

Pricelist for the treatments

application form for the Ayurvedic courses

adobe pdf logoYou will need the free Acrobat Reader from Adobe to view and print some of the documents. 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

Google
 
Web DrEddyClinic.com

 

Ayurvedic Herbs A-Z

| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U |

 V | W | X | Y | Z |

Ayurvedic Medicine

Products

Tantusara - Areca catechu - Betelnut Palm

 

Latin Name

English Names

Sanskrit Names

Hindi Name

Areca catechu
Linn.(Arecaceae)

Arecanut Palm,
Betelnut Palm,
Areca Palm,
Pinang Palm

Puga, Gubak, Poogiphalam, Tantusara

Supari

 

 

History  |   Habitat  |  Morphology Description (Habit)  |  Principal Constituents  |  Pharmacology  |

  Toxicology  |   Indications  |  Product Range  |   References

 

History

In Karnataka, women use the inflorescence to adorn their hair. A perfume is obtained from the flowers in Malaysia. The nuts are made into beads and other fancy articles. Galls, called `mocharas', are a result of the action of certain insects on the palm, and are used for tanning. In some regions of the Americas, the arecanut palm is cultivated as an ornamental plant.

 

 

Habitat

The tree is widely distributed in coastal regions, from Maharashtra to Kerala and Tamil Nadu. It also grows in the Deccan Plateau, Assam, Meghalaya, West Bengal, and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It is also cultivated in those areas.

Morphology Description (Habit)

It is a tree with an annulate stem. The stem is surrounded by a crown of pinnate leaves. The leaflets are numerous, the petioles expanded into a broad, tough, sheath-like growth at the lower end; the inflorescence is a spathe which is compressed and glabrous; the spadices are much-branched, bearing ebracteate male and female flowers. The male flowers are small and numerous; the female flowers are solitary or in groups of two or three and much larger than the male; bisexual flowers have also been recorded; the fruits are ovoid or oblong, smooth and orange or scarlet when fully ripe. They are single-seeded and the endosperm or seed-kernel, popularly called the "arecanut", is grayish brown and ruminate, with reddish brown lines.

Principal Constituents

The polyphenols of ripe arecanut contain predominantly polymerized leucocyanidins besides minor amounts of (+)-cetechin, leucopelargonidin and leucocyanidin. The polyphenols of arecanut are mainly flavonoids, and their concentration decreases with the maturity of the nut1 Arecanut contains several alkaloids belonging to the pyridine group. The most important of them physiologically is arecoline. Other alkaloids present are arecaidine, arecolidine, guvacine, guvacoline, isoguvacine, norarecaidine and norarecoline2 .

 

Pharmacology

The effects of polyphenolics obtained from fresh, unripe areca nuts were studied on rat uteri under various hormonal influences and compared with the effects obtained with alkaloidal fractions. The ethyl acetate fraction of the aqueous extract was a stimulant of low degree on all uteri but its spasmogenic activity was comparatively more on uteri treated with progesterone3. The alcoholic extract of the nuts exerted a distinct oxytocic activity on isolated rat uterus at a dose of 100mcg4. The aqueous extracts of the nuts inhibited the growth of Staphylococcus aureus and Trichophyton rubrum, in vitro, while the alcoholic extract also inhibited the growth of Escherichia coli, Candida albicans, and C. tropicalis5.

 

Toxicology

Four nitroso compounds, N-nitrosoguvacoline, N-nitrosoguvacine, 3-(N-nitrosomethylamino) propionaldehyde and 3-(N-nitrosomethylamino) propionitrile, have been isolated from the aqueous extract of the betel nuts. They have been found cytotoxic and genotoxic to human buccal epithelial cells and also produced pancreatic, lung, nasal and liver tumours in rats6.

 

Indications

The dried nuts are said to sweeten the breath, strengthen the gums, and produce a stimulant and exhilarant effect on the system. Arecanut has been reported to be a good source of fluoride, when chewed. The non-alkaloid fractions of arecanuts are reported to possess anti-microbial properties.

 

Product Range

 

 

References

  1. Mathew, J Fd Sci Technol, 1971, 8, 140; Govindarajan & Mathew, Phytochemistry, 1963, 2, 321; Mathew & Govindarajan, ibid, 1964, 3, 657; Mathew et. al., ibid, 1969, 8, 1543.

  2. Marion in Manske & Holmes, I, 171; Willaman & Schubert, Tech Bull, U S Dep Agric, No. 1234, 1961, 158; Henry, 8; Chang & DeVol, Taiwania, 1973, 18, 123.

  3. Lalithakumari et. al., Ind. J. Pharm., 1964, 26, 268.

  4. Garg, S.K. and Garg, G.P., Bull. P.G.I. Chandigarh, 1970, 4, 162.

  5. Lalithakumari, H. et. al., Ind. J. Exptl. Biol., 1965, 3, 66.

  6. Chem Abstr, 1989, 110, 52690; 1989, 111, 210394; 1991, 115, 225914, 225952.

Information

MRSA - Methicillin - resistant Staphylococcus Aureus

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) is a type of bacteria that is resistant to certain antibiotics. These antibiotics include methicillin and other more common antibiotics such as oxacillin, penicillin and amoxicillin. Staph infections, including MRSA, occur most frequently among persons in hospitals and healthcare facilities (such as nursing homes and dialysis centers) who have weakened immune systems.

For information about MRSA in hospitals and healthcare facilities, link to:

MRSA infections that are acquired by persons who have not been recently (within the past year) hospitalized or had a medical procedure (such as dialysis, surgery, catheters) are know as CA-MRSA infections.

For information about MRSA acquired outside of hospitals and healthcare facilities, link to:

Related Site:

Ayurvedic Basics:

 

Ask The Doctor

Dr. Eddy's Clinic Integrated Medicine - Web Journal

Articles Articles give your more informations in detail. Forum - Forum Integrated Medicine - Ayurvedic Forum
Ayurvedic Articles give your more informations in detail. Disease Articles give your more informations in detail. Men Health Articles give your more informations in detail. Treatment Articles give your more informations in detail.
Aging Articles give your more informations in detail. Vaccination Articles give your more informations in detail. Women Health Articles give your more informations in detail. Integrated Medicine Articles give your more informations in detail.

Submit a Article Submit a Article - Articles give your more informations in detail.

 


 

Integrated Medicine

combines Western medicine with Complementary and Alternative medicine and mind-body-spirit approaches to health and healing.

Live Blood Analysis

Two drops of blood under a specialized high powered ultra-dark field microscope, reveals anomalies in the blood. The unique tool for prevention.

Ozone-Oxygen-Therapy
is recognized by most as the most powerful and versatile therapy known in alternative health because it plays a vital role in maintaining the well-being of the body. Check it out why.
Contact the Doctor

contact the doctor in the dreddyclinic.com

contact the doctor

Disclaimer

This information is provided for general medical education purposes only and is not meant to substitute for the independent medical judgment of a physician relative to diagnostic and treatment options of a specific patient's medical condition.
In no event will The DrEddyClinic.com be liable for any decision made or action taken in reliance upon the information provided through this web site.


 



DrEddyClinic.com
Chiang Mai 50230, Thailand
Phone. +66-53-436284
Fax. +66-53-436284
Mobile. 098505066
email
contact
contact to the Integrated - Medical -Clinic | Terms and Conditions | Home Up Next
Last Modified : 03/13/08 10:38 PM