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Gandapura

Latin Names

English Names

Sanskrit Names

Hindi Names

Abelmoschus moschatus Malvaceae /
Hibiscus abelmoschus
Linn.

Musk Mallow,
Ambrette Plant

Latakasturi, Gandapura, Kasturilatika

Kasturidana, Muskadana

 

 

History  |   Habitat  |   Morphology Description (Habit)  |   Principal Constituents  |   Pharmacology  |

  Indications  |   Product Range  |   References

 

 

History

This plant is cultivated for its musk-scented seeds that are used in perfumes and medicine. In Malaysia, it is mixed with cosmetics and used to perfume hair.

 

 

Habitat

The plant grows wild all over the Deccan regions, and the hilly regions of Karnataka. It is also found at the foothills of the Himalayas.

 

Morphology Description (Habit)

A.moschatus is an erect, annual or biennial, hirsute herb. The leaves are polymorphous: the lower, ovate and acute; the upper, palmately 3-7 lobed; the flowers are bright yellow, large, usually solitary and axillary, sometimes in few-flowered racemes; the capsules are ovate, acute and hispid; the seeds are sub-reniform, black and musk-scented. The crushed seeds, on steam distillation, yield a volatile oil, known as musk seed oil or ambrette seed oil.

 

Principal Constituents

The oil from the seeds is rich in linoleic acid and contains a-cephalin, phosphatidylserine, its plasmalogen and phosphatidylcholine plasmalogen. The characteristic musk-like odor of the seed oil is mainly due to the presence of a ketone, ambrettelide, a lactone of ambrettolic acid1. The chemical constituents of the essential oil of the seeds are: trans-2-trans-6-farnesyl acetate and ambrettolide, cis-2-cis-6- farnesyl acetate, cis-2-trans-6-farnesyl acetate, ethyl hexadecanate, ethyl laurate and trans-2-trans-6-farnesol2.

 

Pharmacology

The mucilaginous seeds are emollients and demulcents. The mucilage has shown anticomplementary activity in human serum and hypoglycemic activity in mice3.

 

Indications

The seeds are valued medicinally for their diuretic, demulcent and stomachic properties. They are also said to be stimulant, antiseptic, cooling, tonic, carminative and aphrodisiac.

 

Product Range

 

References

1.  Guenther, VI, 174; Krishna & Badhwar, loc. cit.; Wehmer, II, 756, West et. al., 201.

2.  Hort Abstr, 1993, 63, 607.

3.  Duke, 1985, 1-2; Cravo et. al., Flav & Fragr J, 1992, 7, 65; Chem Abstr, 1989, 111, 146284.

 

 

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