Ayurvedic Herbs / Thai Herbs - Medicinal Plants - D
There are numerous medicinal plants in current use in Thailand.
Ayurvedic medicine and Thai traditional
medicine, each finding many uses and deserving to be exhibited to the
enthusiasts who wish to know about the characteristics of its stem, flower,
fruit together with the research work undertaken, it is impossible to
exhibit all, or even the majority, of them. For this reason some common
medicinal plants which received research attention both locally and
internationally have been selected. In addition, some which
have so far attracted little attention from
researchers have also been included owing to their recognition in
Ayurvedic Medicine and traditional medicine in Thailand
as well as some Asian countries.
searched from the literature, selected and edited in order to be presented in
this site, which will familiarize the reader with general characters of such plants. No botanical details are given
owing to the nature of this
work and also to limited space. Sketches of the plants, however, are
given to enable the reader to recognize them. It should be noted that
all Thai, Sanskrit, Latin and English common names of the plants
appearing in this site are transliterated into English with the sound in
mind, and not according to the official rules. In addition, owing to
the limited space the traditional
usage of each plant is meant to be representative, and by no means comprehensive.
Dashamoola is a composition of the roots of
It is an anti-inflammatory and effective in
bronchitis, cough, headache, weakness, drowsiness and digestive
sub-glabrous spreading herb sometimes becoming shrubby.
The fresh leaves contain ferredoxin, and the
withanolide datumetelin along with the withanolide daturilin.
The leaves also yielded withametelin B, secowithametelin, a
hexacyclic withanolide, 12-deoxy withastramonolide,
physalinliconol, datumetixone and p-methoxybenzoyl ester of
tropine. It has anti-inflammatory, anti-rheumatic and analgesic
annual or biennial herb, with an erect, much-branched stem,
arising from a thick, fleshy taproot.
Carrot is valued as food mainly because it is a
rich source of the fat-soluble hydrocarbon, C40H56, the ▀ form
of which is the precursor of vitamin A. Carrots contain a
variety of carotenoids that are responsible for the typical
colors of the root. The main pigments of orange carrot are a-
and ▀-carotene. The seed oil has a sweet anise like odor and the
main components identified were ▀-bisabolene, Cis and trans -asarene,
asarone aldehyde and phenolic compounds such as eugenol
2-hydroxy-4-methoxyacetophenone and vanillin.
Carrot seeds are aromatic, stimulant and
carminative. They are reported to be useful in diseases of the
kidney and in dropsy. The seeds are reported to exhibit
anti-fertility activity. The ethanolic extracts of seeds showed
diuretic activity. The essential oil from leaves and seeds
showed antifungal activity, used as a sunscreen and fragrance
component in soaps, creams and lotions. The aqueous extract of
carrot showed hepatoprotective activity.
small herb with a reduced stem, bearing 2-3 pairs of opposite,
round, gland dotted leaves.
The essential oil from the leaves contains
didymocarpene as its chief constituent. The leaves are used in
indigenous medicine as a cure for stones in the kidney and
It is astringent and styptic and useful in
medicine with Complementary and Alternative medicine
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provided for general medical education purposes only and
is not meant to substitute for the independent medical
judgment of a physician relative to diagnostic and
treatment options of a specific patient's medical
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