Several factors appear to reduce the risk of ovarian cancer. They
contraception (birth control pills).
The use of oral contraceptives can decrease a woman's risk of
ovarian cancer by as much as 60 percent. Usage should total at least
5 years and does not have to be continuous.
Giving birth to one or more children, particularly if the first
child was born before you reached age 30, and breast-feeding may
decrease your risk of developing ovarian cancer.
is the surgical removal of the uterus. Depending on your condition,
the surgery may also involve removal of organs and tissue in
addition to the uterus. Doctors caution that a woman should not have
a hysterectomy just to avoid ovarian cancer risk. But if you're
having a hysterectomy for valid medical reasons, have a family
history of ovarian or breast cancer and are older than 40, you may
want to talk with your doctor about ovary removal.
In this surgical procedure, the fallopian tubes are tied to prevent
pregnancy. Tubal ligation doesn't prevent all or even most cases of
ovarian cancer. It shouldn't be done solely to reduce the risk of
Prophylactic oophorectomy reduces, but doesn't completely eliminate,
ovarian cancer risk. Although removing the ovaries is generally quite
protective, it doesn't prevent all cases of malignancy. Because ovarian
cancer usually develops in the thin lining of the abdominal cavity that
covers the ovaries, women who have had their ovaries removed can still
get a similar but less common form of cancer called primary peritoneal
cancer. This type of cancer develops similar to ovarian cancer and
accounts for a small percentage of all cases of ovarian cancer.
In addition, prophylactic oophorectomy is controversial because it
induces early menopause and may have a substantial negative impact your
quality of life. If you're considering having this procedure done, be
sure to discuss the pros and cons with your doctor.