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Atherosclerosis - Coronary artery disease
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Atherosclerosis - Coronary artery disease 

 

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HEART & BLOOD

Heart Disease

Arterial Disease linked to heart Pain

Atherosclerosis, the build up of fatty deposits in your arteries, can lead to high blood pressure, chest pain, heart attack or strokes. The evidence suggests that insufficient blood circulation associated with atherosclerosis may contribute to another serious condition: erosion/degeneration of the discs in your spine.

Atherosclerotic lesions in the abdominal aorta were more advanced in patients with low back pain (LBP) vs. those without pain. From 1991-1993, 29 patients (21-58 years of age) were evaluated using a diagnostic procedure called CT discography.

The Results showed that 55% of LBP patients had atherosclerotic with the damage visible on the CT scan, compared with only 21% of patients without LBP. This difference was further emphasized while examining a specific group of patients (50 years of age or younger): 48% of LBP patients had aortic damage vs. only 8% of patients without low back pain.

Atherosclerosis is so common that many people assume it's a normal consequence of aging. Overwhelming research suggests that diet and lifestyle can play a major role in preventing this disease. Your chiropractor can provide you with more information on low back pain, atherosclerosis.

Signs and symptoms

Signs and symptoms usually develop gradually. At first, symptoms may occur only after vigorous exertion, when your arteries can't supply your muscles with enough oxygen and nutrients. But, as the narrowing worsens, it takes less and less exertion to surpass the ability of the artery to supply adequate blood. Arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis can occur in arteries anywhere in your body, but the disease most often affects arteries in your heart, brain, kidneys, abdominal aorta and legs.

The specific signs and symptoms depend on which artery or arteries are obstructed:

  • Heart. Obstruction of the arteries to your heart (coronary arteries) may cause symptoms of heart attack, such as chest pain.

  • Neck. Obstruction of the carotid arteries in your neck may cause symptoms of stroke, such as sudden numbness, weakness or dizziness.

  • Arms and legs. Obstruction of the arteries to your arms and legs may cause symptoms of peripheral arterial disease, such as leg pain when exercising (intermittent claudication).

Hardening of the arteries can also cause erectile dysfunction in men.

There are usually no signs or symptoms until one or more of your arteries is so narrowed or clogged that you develop severely reduced blood flow (ischemia) or a blood clot, which can completely obstruct blood flow. Some people have no symptoms until a blood clot blocks a narrowed artery, causing a heart attack or stroke, or until an aneurysm ruptures, causing serious internal bleeding.

Causes

In arteriosclerosis, the walls of your arteries become hard and thick, sometimes interfering with blood circulation. The condition results from the natural aging process or from atherosclerosis.

Atherosclerosis is a slow, complex disease that typically starts early in life and progresses. Doctors don't know the exact cause, but it may begin with damage or injury to the innermost layer of the artery called the endothelium. Causes of damage to the endothelium include:

  • Elevated levels of cholesterol

  • High blood pressure

  • A virus

  • An allergic reaction

  • An irritant, such as nicotine or drugs or too much homocysteine — an amino acid found in your blood

  • Certain diseases, such as diabetes

Whatever the cause, once the inner wall of an artery is damaged, blood cells called platelets often clump at the injury site to try to repair the artery. Eventually, fatty deposits (plaques) made of cholesterol and other cellular waste products also accumulate and harden, narrowing the space in your arteries.

Organs and tissues that are served by these narrowed vessels don't get an adequate supply of blood. Your body may respond to the shortage of blood by increasing blood pressure to maintain adequate blood flow. The increase in blood pressure leads to further blood vessel damage and inflammation around the plaques. Eventually pieces of the fatty deposits may rupture and enter your bloodstream. This can cause a blood clot to form at the site and damage your organs, such as in a heart attack. A blood clot can also travel to other parts of your body and partially or totally block the flow of blood to important organs.

Risk factors

Hardening of the arteries occurs over time, so your risk increases as you age. The condition is most common in middle-aged and older adults.

Your risk of developing this disease also increases with:

  • High blood pressure

  • High cholesterol

  • High levels of homocysteine in your blood

  • Diabetes

  • Chronic kidney disease

  • Obesity

  • Smoking

  • Trouble managing stress

  • A family history of early heart disease

When to seek medical advice

Don't ignore early symptoms of inadequate blood flow, such as leg pain or numbness. These symptoms can indicate increased risk of heart attack and stroke.

In fact, when you have a significant amount of arteriosclerosis or atherosclerosis in one part of your body, you're more likely to have some degree of the disease in another part. If you have poor arterial circulation in your legs, you're more vulnerable to angina or a heart attack because of similar narrowing of the coronary arteries.

If you suspect that you have arteriosclerosis or atherosclerosis — or risk factors for this disease — talk to your doctor. Early diagnosis and treatment can stop progression of the condition and prevent a major medical emergency.

Arteriosclerosis / Atherosclerosis > 1 > 2 > 3 > 4 >

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This information is provided for general medical education purposes only and is not meant to substitute for the independent medical judgment of a physician relative to diagnostic and treatment options of a specific patient's medical condition.
In no event will The DrEddyClinic.com be liable for any decision made or action taken in reliance upon the information provided through this web site.

 


 



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