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Ayurvedic Herbs / Thai Herbs - Medicinal Plants - G

Ayurvedic Herbs A-Z

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Ayurvedic Medicine


There are numerous medicinal plants in current use in Thailand. Ayurvedic medicine and Thai traditional medicine, each finding many uses and deserving to be exhibited to the enthusiasts who wish to know about the characteristics of its stem, flower, fruit together with the research work undertaken, it is impossible to exhibit all, or even the majority, of them. For this reason some common medicinal plants which received research attention both locally and internationally have been selected. In addition, some which have so far attracted little attention from researchers have also been included owing to their recognition in Ayurvedic Medicine and traditional medicine in Thailand as well as some Asian countries.

The information has been searched from the literature, selected and edited in order to be presented in this site, which will familiarize the reader with general characters of such plants. No botanical details are given owing to the nature of this work and also to limited space. Sketches of the plants, however, are given to enable the reader to recognize them. It should be noted that all Thai, Sanskrit, Latin and English common names of the plants appearing in this site are transliterated into English with the sound in mind, and not according to the official rules. In addition, owing to the limited space the traditional usage of each plant is meant to be representative, and by no means comprehensive.

Ayurveda Herbs - Thai Herbs Common Name   G
  • Gan sui
  • Gandapushpa
  • Gandhatrana
  • Garantoquen
  • Garden balm
  • Garden camomile
  • Garden carrot
  • Garden celandine
  • Garden celery
  • Garden chicory
  • Garden dill
  • Garden endive
  • Garden Lavender
  • Garden marigold
  • Garden Nightshade
  • Garden parsley
  • Garden Patience
  • Garden pepper
  • Garden raspberry
  • Garden rosemary
  • Garden rue
  • Garden Sage
  • Garden Thyme
  • Garden valerian
  • Garden violet
  • Gardenia
  • Gardenia fruit
  • Garget
  • Garlic
  • Garlic chives
  • Garlic Sage
  • Gauri
  • Gauriphal
  • Gawarpaltra
  • Ge-gen
  • Gebrauchlicher
  • Gendhi
  • Genkwa flower
  • Gentian
  • Gentian root
  • German camomile
  • German Elder
  • German rue
  • German valerian
  • Ghirita
  • Gigantic Swallowort
  • Giloy
  • Gingembre
  • Ginger
  • Ginger plant
  • Ginger root (Coltsfoot)
  • Ginger root (Ginger)
  • Ginkgo biloba
  • Ginseng - American
  • Ginseng - Asian
  • Ginsi-kyaw
  • Gin-sin
  • Glauber's salt
  • Glossy buckthorn
  • Goat weed
  • Goat's pepper
  • Goats head
  • Goats Rue
  • Gokshura
  • Gold Thread
  • Golden bough
  • Golden buttons
  • Golden Rod
  • Golden Sececio
  • Goldenbough
  • Goldenseal
  • Goose grass
  • Goose tansy
  • Goose's hair
  • Goosegrass
  • Gosling weed
  • Gotu Kola
  • Goutberry
  • Grapefruit
  • Grass burdock
  • Gravel grass
  • Gravel Root
  • Gravelweed
  • Great celandine
  • Great Mullein
  • Great wild valerian
  • Greater Periwinkle
  • Greater Plantain
  • Greater Skullcap
  • Greek hay
  • Green ginger
  • Green onion
  • Green peppercorns
  • Green Tea
  • Grifola
  • Grindelia
  • Grip grass
  • Ground apple
  • Ground berry
  • Ground lily
  • Ground raspberry
  • Grouse berry
  • Gua lou
  • Gua lou ren (seed)
  • Guaiac
  • Guaiacum
  • Guar gum
  • Guarana
  • Guay-quill sarsaparilla
  • Gudmar
  • Guduchi
  • Guelder Rose
  • Gugal
  • Guggal
  • Guggul
  • Guggula
  • Gugul Lipid
  • Gugulipid
  • Gui Zhi
  • Guimauve
  • Gulmirch
  • Gum plant
  • Gum Weed
  • Gurmar
  • Gurmarbooti
  • Guru Nut
  • Gymnema
  • Gypsum
  • Gypsywort
Ayurvedic Herbs English Name   G Ayurvedic Herbs Latin/Scientific Name  G



Ayurvedic Herbs Sanskrit Name  G


Latin Name :

Garcinia cambogia

English Name :


Sanskrit / Indian Names :

Vrikshamla, Kankushta

The tree is valued for its dried rind which is rich in acids and possesses marked antiseptic properties. It contains tartaric acid reducing sugars and phosphoric acid (as calcium triphosphate). It limits the synthesis of fatty acids in the muscles and liver lipogenesis (production of fat) by inhibiting the enzyme ATP-citrate lyase. The fruits contain about 30% acid (calculated as citric acid) on the dry basis which is essentially (-)-hydroxy-citric acid. A decoction of the fruit rind is given in rheumatism and bowel complaints. The resin possesses purgative properties.

Latin Name :

Gaultheria fragrantissima

English Name :

Indian Winter Green

Sanskrit / Indian Name :


A much-branched evergreen, aromatic shrub.

The volatile oil obtained by the steam distillation of the leaves of G. fragrantissima is identical to Wintergreen oil, obtained from G. procumbens.

The principal constituent of the oil is methyl salicylate. It is stimulant, carminative and antiseptic. It is applied externally in the form of liniment or ointment in rheumatism, sciatica and neuralgia.

Latin Name :

Gloriosa suprba

English Name :

Malabar Glory Lily

Sanskrit / Indian Name :


It is a perennial climber throughout India. The cylindrical rhizomes usually bifurcate to 'V' shape. The acuminate tips of the leaves spiraled and serve as tendrils for climbing. The perianth lobes are brightly colored and wavy margined. Colchicine is the major compound isolated from the rhizomes. They have abortifacient, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory and antileprotic properties.

Latin Name :

Glycyrrhiza glabra

English Names :

Licorice, Liquorice

Sanskrit / Indian Names :

Yashti-madhu, Yashti-madhuka

Glycyrrhiza glabraGlycyrrhiza glabra is a perennial herb in the subtropical and warm temperate regions. None of the liquorice species occurs in India in the wild. But its use has been reported for a long time in traditional literature.

The principal constituent of licorice is glycyrrhizin. Licorice is used for the treatment of asthma, acute and chronic bronchitis and chronic cough. It modulates the immune system and has shown remarkable immune-stimulant properties. It has an antioxidant activity. It is a mild anti-inflammatory for arthritis and rheumatism and is used to treat gastric, duodenal and esophageal ulceration or inflammation, heartburn and mouth ulcers. The plant contains phytoestrogens in the form of isoflavones such as formononetin; glabrone, neoliquiritin and hispaglabridin A & B.

It alleviates irritable conditions of the mucus membrane, and strengthens the immune system and provides resistance in recurring infections.

Latin Name :

Gmelina arborea

English Name :

Coomb Teak

Sanskrit / Indian Name :


Gmelina arboreaAn unarmed tree, with a smooth, whitish gray bark which contains traces of an alkaloid.

The bark is a bitter tonic and stomachic, and is considered useful in fever and indigestion.

Sanskrit / Indian Name :

Godanti bhasma


Godanti bhasmaIt is a natural form of calcium that helps to maintain healthy bone structure.

Latin Name :

Gossypium herbaceum

English Name :

Indian Cotton Plant

Sanskrit / Indian Name :


Gossypium herbaceumSmall shrubs with thick and rigid stems, the flowers are medium-sized, yellow with a purple center.

Cotton seed is demulcent, laxative, expectorant and galactogogue. It is used as a nervine tonic in headaches and brain affections, and decoctions of the seed are given in dysentery and intermittent fevers.

Latin Name :

Gymnema sylvestre

English Name :


Sanskrit / Indian Names :


Gymnema sylvestreGymnema sylvestre is a large, woody climber.

Its principal constituent is gymnemic acid which has anti-diabetic properties. The plant is stomachic, stimulant, laxative and diuretic. It abolishes the taste of sugar and is believed to neutralize excessive sugar present in the body in diabetes mellitus. The leaf extracts contain gymnemic acid which is said to inhibit hyperglycemia. It has also been shown to have a regenerative effect on pancreatic beta cells and is insulinotropic.



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