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Ayurvedic Herbs / Thai Herbs - Medicinal Plants - B

Ayurvedic Herbs A-Z

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Ayurvedic Medicine


There are numerous medicinal plants in current use in Thailand. Ayurvedic medicine and Thai traditional medicine, each finding many uses and deserving to be exhibited to the enthusiasts who wish to know about the characteristics of its stem, flower, fruit together with the research work undertaken, it is impossible to exhibit all, or even the majority, of them. For this reason some common medicinal plants which received research attention both locally and internationally have been selected. In addition, some which have so far attracted little attention from researchers have also been included owing to their recognition in Ayurvedic Medicine and traditional medicine in Thailand as well as some Asian countries.

The information has been searched from the literature, selected and edited in order to be presented in this site, which will familiarize the reader with general characters of such plants. No botanical details are given owing to the nature of this work and also to limited space. Sketches of the plants, however, are given to enable the reader to recognize them. It should be noted that all Thai, Sanskrit, Latin and English common names of the plants appearing in this site are transliterated into English with the sound in mind, and not according to the official rules. In addition, owing to the limited space the traditional usage of each plant is meant to be representative, and by no means comprehensive.

Ayurveda Herbs - Thai Herbs Common Name   B
  • Babchi
  • Babchi Seeds
  • Bach
  • Badabadam
  • Bael
  • Bahupatra
  • Bai bu
  • Bakuchi
  • Bala
  • Bala-tagra
  • Balasmodendron
  • Balchar
  • Balloon flower root
  • Balm
  • Balm mint
  • Balm mint
  • Balm of Gilead
  • Balmony
  • Balsam Fir
  • Balsam of Gilead fir
  • Balsam pear
  • Balsam poplar
  • Balsam weed
  • Bamboo Leaf
  • Bamboo Manna
  • Bamboo shavings
  • Bangla Revanchini
  • Ban Lan Gen
  • Ban xia
  • Banaphsa
  • Bans
  • Barbados aloe
  • Barberry
  • Barberry
  • Bardana
  • Bariar
  • Barley
  • Basil
  • Bastard cardamom
  • Bastard saffron
  • Batchelors Buttons
  • Batyalaka
  • Bavachi
  • Bavanchalu
  • Bavanchi 
  • Bhavaj
  • Bhavanchi-vittulu
  • Bavchi
  • Bawachi
  • Bayberry
  • Bayberry wax tree
  • Bean trefoil
  • Bear's foot
  • Bear's garlic
  • Bear's grape
  • Bear's grape
  • Bear's weed
  • Bearberry
  • Bearberry
  • Bearded darnel
  • Beaumont root
  • Beccabunga
  • Bedstraw
  • Bee balm
  • Bee's nest plant
  • Beech
  • Beechdrops
  • Beechdrops
  • Beejband
  • Belaphal
  • Beleric Myrobalan
  • Belladonna
  • Bennet
  • Berberis
  • Beshakapore
  • Besom
  • Bethroot
  • Betony
  • Betony
  • Bhaira
  • Bhangra
  • Bhangura
  • Bhringaraj
  • Bhuamalaki
  • Bhuiamla
  • Bhutrin
  • Bhuy amalaki
  • Bibhitaki
  • Bijband
  • Bilai-kand
  • Bilberry
  • Billimatti
  • Bilwa
  • Birch (white)
  • Bird pepper
  • Bird's nest root
  • Bird's Nest Weed
  • Bird's tongue
  • Birdlime
  • Birhatta
  • Birthroot
  • Birthwort
  • Bishop's wort
  • Bishopswort
  • Bistort
  • Bitter ash
  • Bitter buttons
  • Bitter Herb
  • Bitter Melon
  • Bitter thistle
  • Bitter trefoil
  • Bitterroot
  • Bitterroot
  • Bittersweet
  • Bittersweet herb
  • Bittersweet nightshade
  • Bittersweet stems
  • Bittersweet twigs
  • Bitterworm
  • Bitterwort
  • Black alder
  • Black alder dogwood
  • Black alder dogwood
  • Black alder tree
  • Black alder tree
  • Black birch
  • Black caraway
  • Black catechu
  • Black cherry
  • Black Cohosh
  • Black Creeper
  • Black cumin
  • Black dogwood
  • Black dogwood
  • Black elder
  • Black ginger
  • Black haw
  • Black Horehound
  • black mushroom
  • Black Mustard
  • Black nightshade
  • Black pepper
  • Black root
  • Black sampson
  • Black sanicle
  • Black snakeroot
  • Black snakeroot
  • Black soybean
  • Black tany
  • Black whortleberry
  • Black-berried European elder
  • Black-tang
  • Blackberry
  • Blackwort
  • Bladder fucus
  • Bladderpod
  • Bladderwrack
  • Blessed cardus
  • Blessed herb
  • Blessed thistle
  • Blood root
  • Blowball
  • Blue balm
  • Blue Cohosh
  • Blue flag
  • Blue ginseng
  • Blue gum
  • Blue nightshade
  • Blue pimpernel
  • Blue skullcap
  • Blue vervain
  • Blue-green algae
  • Blueberry
  • Blueberry
  • Bo he
  • Bobawachi
  • Bobea
  • Bofareira
  • Bog myrtle
  • Bogbean
  • Bogi-vittulu
  • Bol
  • Bola
  • Boldo
  • Bonmethi
  • Boneset
  • Bookoo
  • Boor tree
  • Borage
  • Boswellia
  • Boswellin
  • Bottle brush
  • Bountry
  • Boxberry
  • Brady mint
  • Brahma-manduki
  • Brahmi
  • Bramble
  • Brela
  • Bridewort
  • Brier hip
  • Brier rose
  • Brigham Young weed
  • Brihati
  • British tobacco
  • Brook bean
  • Brooklime
  • Broom
  • Broom tops
  • Broomtops
  • Bruisewort
  • Bucco
  • Buchu
  • Buckbean
  • Buckeye
  • Buckthorn
  • Bucku
  • Buddleia flower
  • Buddleia flower bud
  • Buffalo Grass
  • Buffalo herb
  • Bugbane
  • Bugle
  • Bugleweed
  • Bugloss
  • Bugwort
  • Buku
  • Bull's foot
  • Bullock's lungwort
  • Bupleurum
  • Burdock
  • Burning bush
  • Burr seed
  • Burrage
  • Burren myrle
  • Butcher's broom
  • Butterbur
  • Butterfly bush
  • Butterfly Weed
  • Butternut
  • Butternut
  • Butterwort
  • Byclospa
Ayurvedic Herbs English Name   B



Ayurvedic Herbs Latin/Scientific Name  B



Ayurvedic Herbs Sanskrit Name  B




Latin Name :

Bacopa monnieri

English Name :

Thyme-Leaved Gratiola

Sanskrit / Indian Name :


Bacopa monnieriBacopa monnieri is a small, creeping herb that contains the alkaloids brahmine and herpestine.

The entire plant constitutes the well-known drug Brahmi. The drug is astringent, bitter and cooling, and, reportedly improves the intellect. It is used in Ayurveda for the treatment of asthma, hoarseness, insanity, and epilepsy and is also a potent nerve tonic, cardiotonic, aperient and diuretic.

It is reported to improve the intellect, and, acts as an anti-anxiety agent. It also calms restlessness in children and is used in several mental disorders.

Latin Name :

Bauhinia variegata

English Names :

Buddhist Bauhinia, Mountain Ebony, Orchid Tree

Sanskrit / Indian Names :

Kanchanara, Kovidara

Bauhinia variegataBauhinia variegata is a medium-sized, deciduous tree with variously colored flowers.

Its principal constituents are the seeds which yield a fatty oil, the bark yields fiber. The bark is astringent, tonic and antihelmentic. It is useful in scrofula and skin diseases. It is also used for ulcers and leprosy. A decoction of the bark is taken for dysentery. The dried buds are used for diarrhea, dysentery and hemorrhoids.

Latin Name :

Berberis aristata

English Name :

Tree Turmeric

Sanskrit / Indian Name :


Berberis aristataBerberis aristata is an erect shrub.

Berberine, berberine chloride and palmative chloride are its principal constituents. The roots possess antibacterial and anti-inflammatory activities. The drug is used as a cholagogue, stomachic, laxative, diaphoretic, antipyretic and antiseptic. It is administered externally for painful eye afflictions and hemorrhoids. The root bark is useful in amenorrhoea.

It has an essential active ingredient, Berberine, which possesses anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. It is used in the treatment of leucorrhoea.

Latin Name :

Blepharis edulis / Blepharis persica

Sanskrit / Indian Name :

Sunishannaka, Uttagana

Blepharis edulisBlepharis edulis is a small, grey-pubescent or nearly glabrous perennial herb found in the Thar desert and in Africa.

The stem is rigid and leaves are four in each node. The flowers are blue, in strobilate inflorescence. The capsules are 2-seeded. Blepharin was identified from the seeds. The seeds are considered aphrodisiac, and are also resolvent and diuretic.

Latin Name :

Boerhaavia diffusa

English Name :

Spreading Hogweed

Sanskrit / Indian Name :


Boerhavia diffusaBoerhaavia diffusa is a weed found throughout India.

The roots contain the rotenoids, boeravinones A1, B1, C2, D, E and F besides the new dihydroisofurenoxanthin and boerhavine. The roots are credited with anti-convulsant, analgesic, diuretic, laxative and expectorant properties.

It has been found to stop intra-uterine-contraceptive-device (IUCD)-induced bleeding. This herb is also known for its anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, which are comparable to that of ibuprofen. It has also proved useful as a hematinic.

Latin Names :

Bombax ceiba / B.malabaricum

English Name :

Silk Cotton Tree

Sanskrit / Indian Name :


Bombax ceibaA lofty, deciduous tree with horizontally, spreading branches.

The bark, on analysis, possesses tannins and non-tannins. It also contains lupeol, ▀-sitosterol and its D-glucoside. The bark is given as a demulcent, emetic and tonic. Externally, it is used as a styptic, and also for fomenting wounds. The gum is credited with astringent, tonic, and demulcent properties and is used for dysentery, hemoptysis in pulmonary tuberculosis, influenza and menorrhagia.

English Name :

Borax anhydrous

Sanskrit / Indian Name :


Chemical Name :

Hydrated sodium tetraborate

It is a white to grayish, greenish or bluish colored granular mineral, crystallizing in monoclinic system. It is in usage since the historical time. Borax is a well known house-hold commodity. It is mildly antiseptic and cooling properties.

Latin Name :

Boswellia serrata

English Name :


Sanskrit / Indian Name :


Boswellia serrataCommonly called Frankincense, Boswellia serrata is a moderate to large branching tree, found in India and the Middle East. Strips of bark are peeled away, yielding a gummy oleo resin.

The gum is used as an anti-inflammatory agent when applied externally. Internally, besides being antiarthritic, it has expectorant effect and improves immunity. One of the principal constituents in the gum resin is boswellic acid which exhibits anti-inflammatory activity. The gum resin is used as an ointment for sores and has anti-inflammatory, antiatherosclerotic and antiarthritic activities. The nonphenolic fraction of the gum resin had marked sedative and analgesic action.

Latin Names :

Butea monosperma / B.frondosa

English Name :

Butea Gum Tree

Sanskrit / Indian Name :


Butea monospermaA deciduous tree with a crooked trunk and bright orange-red flowers.

The bark exudes a red juice that dries to form the Butea gum. The gum contains leucocyanidin, tetramer, procyanidin, gallic acid and mucilaginous material.
The gum is a powerful astringent; it is given internally for diarrhea, dysentery, phthisis and hemorrhage of the stomach and bladder.

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